Hip Labral Tear
The labrum is a ring of fibrous cartilage that surrounds the outside rim of the acetabulum (hip socket). it provides support and flexibility to the hip joint. A damaged hip labrum can affect alignment, range of motion and synovial fluid. A labrum may be damaged as the result of an injury or wear and tear. Most patients who have suffered with a labral tear regularly participate in an activity that involves running, kicking and turning.
Diagnosing a Labral Tear
A physical examination cannot conclusively diagnose a hip labral tear. An orthopedic doctor may order an MRI or a hip injection to diagnose a labral tear. In some cases, a surgeon may do an arthroscopy to confirm and assess a torn labrum and repair the injury during the same procedure.
Arthroscopic Surgery for a Labral Tear
An orthopedic hip surgeon will make 2 to 3 small incisions around the hip joint. The arthroscope (with a camera attached) is inserted though an incision to view the torn labrum. A sterile solution is then pumped in the hip joint to provide a clean view and room for the surgeon to repair the labrum. Surgical instruments are inserted through a different incision, and the surgeon will repair the damaged tissue. Depending on the extent of damage, the surgeon will either trim the torn labrum of sew it back together.
Advantages of a Hip Arthroscopy
When compared to traditional open hip surgery, an arthroscopy has several advantages. After surgery a patient will experience less pain, faster recovery, less scarring, and a shorter hospital stay.
If a labral tear is severe, it might need to be reconstructed, which is done as an open procedure. It’s also possible that surgery can be totally avoided if a damaged labrum can be treated using non-operative treatments. The type of treatment will depend on the severity of the injury. If a patient is unable to resolve a labrum injury using non-operative treatments, it’s likely that an arthroscopy will be recommended.
Schedule An Appointment With a Hip Doctor
If you are experiencing hip pain, stiffness or instability it’s best to have an orthopedic doctor diagnose and evaluate your condition. Early treatment can prevent further damage to the hip area. The Center For Musculoskeletal Disorders has Board Certified Orthopedic Hip Doctors that can diagnose and advise the best treatment options. The majority of our patients with hip disorders are able to reduce pain and restore functionality without surgery.